What Is IVF Treatment?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a medical procedure to aid in fertility. The practice is carried out within a laboratory and involves extracting egg cells from the patients ovaries and fertilizing them with the male’s sperm inside of a glass container, such as a petri dish or test tube. Once the embryos are successfully fertilized, it is implanted inside the patients uterus by way of the cervix.
IVF treatment is typically used by couples who experience fertility issues when trying to conceive a baby. Components that attract candidates to this procedure include complications with the ovaries, uterus, and damaged or blocked fallopian tubes in women. Males problems such as low sperm count or motility of sperm can factor in on fertility issues and are also reasons for choosing IVF to conceive.
In the first step of the IVF treatment, drugs are administered by injection to increase production of the eggs. The doctor and staff then regularly monitor the production of the eggs through blood tests and ultrasounds. When the eggs reach the needed size, a final injection is given to prepare for collection. The patient is then given a mild sedative for the collection of the eggs. The eggs are extracted from the ovaries using a guided method of vaginal ultrasound and stored in an incubator. Within the same day, sperm is collected from the partner. The strongest sperm is chosen, combined with the eggs for fertilization, and placed inside the incubator overnight. Once fertilization signs occur in the eggs, the best embryos are selected and placed inside the uterus through the cervix.
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